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Bladder Cancer Medical Negligence Solicitors - Compensation Claim Lawyers


Bladder cancer is a disease that affects the cells that line the bladder which is part of the urinary tract. The condition occurs when these cells are no longer able to maintain proper growth and start dividing without control. Abnormal growth can lead to a mass of extra cells, known as a tumour. The bladder is a muscular, hollow, organ that stores the urine that is produced by the kidneys until it is eliminated from the body. The urine is brought to the bladder from the kidneys by means of two tubes called ureters. The urethra then expels the urine from the bladder and from the body. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of bladder cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss. Our bladder cancer medical negligence solicitors offer free advice with no further obligation.


Bladder cancer has a high rate of recurrence, even following apparently successful treatment. There is still a seventy five percent chance that new tumors will grow in new areas of the bladder after other tumors have been removed completely. It is for this very reason that patients need many follow up visits and treatments. Approximately ninety four percent of patients live for at least five years after being diagnosed with bladder cancer. If the cancer has spread to other tissues in or near the bladder, the survival rate drops significantly to under fifty percent. In the event the cancer has spread to organs that are farther away from the bladder, such as the liver or the lungs, only six percent of patients survive for a period of at least five years.


One of the most commonly occurring symptoms of bladder cancer is blood being found in the urine, a condition known as haematuria, which may be only occasional or it may happen regularly. Blood being passed in the urine that is due to cancer will not be painful and usually does not have any other symptoms in the earliest stages. If the blood is associated with pain or discomfort, this is typically due to a bladder infection and can be easily treated with antibiotics. It is important to understand that blood in the urine can be very fine, and may not be able to be seen without the use of a microscope. A simple urinalysis can detect this blood, and should be found quickly during a physical. If for any reason your doctor did not notice the blood, or did not feel it was necessary to act, medical negligence may have occurred. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of bladder cancer due to failure to recognise the symptoms may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.


Bladder cancer is typically diagnosed by means of a basic urine sample that looks for any traces of blood. If blood is found in the urine, a physical examination through the vagina or the rectum may be needed to feel for any obvious changes. More tests may be ordered, along with x-rays. The final diagnosis should only be made by a urological specialist, in a hospital setting, after the bladder has been examine by means of a cystocopy. A cytoscopy is performed by using a flexible thin fiber optic tube that is lighted at the end. This device is also able to take a small sample of tissue that can be later analyzed in a laboratory. Any time a diagnosis is left up to human interpretation, there is room for error, which could mean a mistreatment, or lack of treatment. This could have a significant negative impact on the overall success of treatment. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of bladder cancer due to failure to recognise the symptoms may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Medical Negligence Solicitors

In the event that you believe you have been misdiagnosed due to medical negligence, you may be entitled to receive monetary compensation for your injuries. A medical negligence solicitor can help you start a compensation claim. Contact us today to see how we can help.

Bladder Cancer Overview

Bladder cancer originates in the urinary bladder. Its main symptoms include frequent urination, blood in the urine, painful urination, pelvic pain and back pain. These are symptoms that also mimic other bladder conditions so it pays to get these symptoms checked out by a urologist to make sure they aren�t related to cancer.

Bladder cancer has no obvious causes; however, risk factors include parasitic infections of the bladder, smoking history, radiation exposure and chemical exposure. Cells in the bladder mutate and begin to grow out of control. The cells don�t die and instead form a tumour.

There are several types of bladder cancer. The first is transitional cell carcinoma, which occurs in the cells lining the bladder on the inside. It is the number one type of bladder cancer in the US. There is also squamous cell cancer. It�s rare in the UK but common in parts of the world where parasitic infection of the bladder occur (schistosomiasis). Adenocarcinoma of the bladder is rare in the UK and originates in the mucus secreting cells of the bladder. Some bladder cancers consist of a number of types of cells.

Risk factors for bladder cancer include the following:

  • Smoking of any type of tobacco can be a risk factor of bladder cancer. It is due to chemicals released into the system with smoking that are excreted by the bladder and concentrated by the bladder.
  • Being white puts you at a greater chance of having bladder cancer.
  • Being of increasing age. The cancer is rare less than 40 years and increases with age.
  • Being male. Men are more likely to get bladder cancer than are women.
  • Being exposed to certain chemicals that collect in the bladder. These include dyes, rubber, textiles, paints and leather.
  • Having previous cancer treatment with Cytoxan or who received radiation to the pelvis.
  • Taking a diabetic medicine (Actos) for more than a year increases the risk of bladder cancer.
  • Having chronic bladder inflammation from recurrent cystitis or the frequent use of a urinary catheter can lead to cancer.
  • If you have a current or family history of cancer or if you�ve had bladder cancer, you are more likely to get it again.

Bladder cancer often comes back so that there needs to be constant surveillance after being treated for bladder cancer to make sure it doesn�t come back. Your doctor should create a plan for following up after being treated for bladder cancer. It often depends on regular cystoscopies to make sure the cancer hasn�t recurred.

There are several tests used to diagnose bladder cancer. These include the following:

  • Cystoscopy, which can show what�s inside the bladder, using a local aesthetic to keep you comfortable.
  • Biopsy of the suspicious areas through the scope.
  • Urine cytology, which analyses the urine through the microscope.
  • An IVP can be done which can show suspicious areas in the bladder.

When it has been determined that bladder cancer exists, the doctor may order special tests to determine the stage of the cancer. These tests include the following: CT scan, MRI scan, Bone scan, and chest x-ray.

The stages of bladder cancer include:
  • Stage I. the cancer is in the lining of the bladder but doesn�t extend through the muscular bladder wall.
  • Stage II. The cancer has invaded the bladder wall but is confined to the bladder.
  • Stage III. The cancer has spread through the bladder wall and into the pelvic.
  • Stage IV. Cancer has spread to lymph nodes and other body areas.

Treatment of cancer of the bladder includes surgery to remove the cancer, immunotherapy that helps the bladder fight off its own cancer and chemotherapy instilled into the bladder wall. Radiation therapy is rarely used.


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The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here