Breast Cancer Medical Negligence Solicitors - UK Compensation Claim Lawyers
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Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women; however men can also develop the disease which can be one of two main forms: ductal carcinoma that forms in the ducts that transport milk to the nipple from the breast, and make up the most cases; and lobular carcinoma which forms in the milk productions lobules. There are also rare cases of breast cancer that form in other locations of the breast.
Most cases of breast cancer are connected to the hormone known as oestrogen. This type of breast cancer is referred to as oestrogen receptor positive cancer or ER positive.
Some women may also develop what is known as HER2 positive breast cancer. HER2 is a gene that causes cells to divide, grow and repair. When cells have too many copies of the HER2 gene, the cells divide, and grow at a faster rate. Medical professionals believe that women with an HER2 positive form of breast cancer have a type of the disease that is more aggressive and has a higher rate of recurrence.
The most notable symptom of breast cancer is a lump that is found in the breast. It is important to note that lumps in the breast can also be related to other medical conditions. Because lumps and general unevenness can be attributed to other issues, including tumors that are noncancerous, it is not entirely uncommon for a misdiagnosis to occur. This means that medical negligence may have taken place, and legal help may be required. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of breast cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.
In order for a proper breast cancer diagnosis to be made, a detailed medical history including a family history needs to be taken, and a full physical examination needs to be completed. A low dose x-ray of the breast area, known as a mammogram, should be ordered. Ultrasounds, which use sound waves to gain an image of the breast, as well as tissue samples from a biopsy, may also be required. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of breast cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.
Misdiagnosis of breast cancer is not entirely uncommon. Since all of the necessary tests to diagnose the disease are dependent upon human interpretation, errors are made. This is even more common in younger women who have denser breast tissue. As with other forms of cancer, the best chances for a full recover completely rely on accurate test results, a prompt definitive diagnosis, and effective early treatment. Without this, the cancer can spread, leading to serious, often life threatening, complications. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of breast cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.
Breast Cancer Medical Negligence Solicitors
If you or someone you know has been the victim of a breast cancer misdiagnosis, you may be entitled to receive compensation for your injuries. Our team of medical negligence personal injury solicitors can help you throughout every phase of the process, and will handle your case on a no win no fee basis. Please use the contact form on this website, send us an email, or call today to more information on how we can help. All of our consultations are completely free of charge and require no further obligation. Medical negligence is a serious issue that needs to be addressed. Do not wait to find out if your claim is viable; time is of the essence.
SOLICITORS HELPLINE: ☎ 0330 660 7005
Breast Cancer Overview
Breast cancer can range from a minor lump of cancer that is easily removed to metastatic disease requiring chemotherapy, surgery and radiation. There are a wide variety of breast cancer choices, depending on the type and stage of cancer. There are a number of symptoms of breast cancer to be aware of. There are no symptoms in the beginning of the disorder and symptoms increase as the cancer grows:
- You can have a lump in the breast or axilla that is present before and after your menstrual cycle.
- Swelling in the axilla.
- Pain or tenderness in the breast (although they are usually painless).
- Flattening of the breast on one side. Indentation on one side.
- Change in the size or contour of the breast. An orange-peel pitting of the breast.
- Nipple retraction, dimpling or itching of the nipple.
- Clear or bloody discharge from the nipple.
- Marble-like area underneath the skin.
- Two distinctly different breasts.
Some of the above changes can be found on a breast exam at home or in the doctorís office. Cancer can happen to anyone at any age or race. It is one of the most common types of cancer in women, although it ranks up there with lung cancer and colon cancer. US women have a one in eight chance of developing invasive breast cancer during their lifetime. More than a million women in the US have breast cancer and donít even know it.
The anatomy of the breast can relate to getting breast cancer. The breast consists of fat, glands, fibrous connective tissue, lobules and lobes, and tiny ducts. Cancer can occur in the ducts and glands of the breast and not so much in the fatty parts of the breast.
Invasive breast cancer has spread beyond the membrane of the lobule or duct it resides in. This means it can travel to outside areas, such as the lymph nodes. When the breast cancer is found in other body areas, it is called metastatic cancer. The two most common types of invasive breast cancer are:
- Invasive ductal carcinoma or IDC. Cancers of this type begins in the milk duct and then invades fatty tissue of the breast. It can be localized or metastatic. It is the most common type. of invasive breast cancer, accounting for at least 80 percent of cancers that are invasive.
- Invasive lobular carcinoma or ILC. This accounts for between 10 and 15 percent of invasive cancers of the breast. It feels less like a lump and more like a thickening in the breast.
Doctors use various devices to stage breast cancer. The stage of breast cancer determines how severe the disease in and relates to survivability. Tools used to stage breast cancer include biopsies of lymph nodes, MRI of the breast and chest, or CT scan of the chest, and biopsies of other body areas. The stages are based upon the size of the cancer, invasiveness versus non-invasiveness, whether cancer is in the lymph nodes, and where the cancer has travelled to.
Stages go from stage 0 to IV. Stage IV is considered the most ominous stage of breast cancer
Stage 0: this describes non-invasive breast cancers like carcinoma in situ with no evidence of cancer spreading beyond the part of the breast it began in. The survival rate of this stage of cancer is exceptionally high.
Stage I: this involves breast cancer that is invading surrounding breast tissue. Stage IA means the tumour is 2 cm in diameter and has not spread outside the breast at all. Stage IB means there are groups of cancer cells without a big lump and there are small 2 mm areas found in the lymph nodes.
Stage II: this is divided into subcategories IA and IIB. In IIA, no tumour is found in the breast but cancer is found in 1-3 lymph nodes or the tumour is less than 2 cm diameter and has spread to axillary lymph nodes or the tumour is 2-5 centimetres but has not spread to axillary lymph nodes. Stage IIB means the tumour is 2-5 centimetres and clusters of small cancerous areas are found in lymph nodes. It can also mean that 1-3 lymph nodes in the axilla or breast bone lymph nodes exist with a size of 3-5 centimetres or the tumor is 5 cm or more but has not spread to axillary lymph nodes.
Stage III: this involves subcategories of IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC. In stage IIIA, no tumour is found in breast but cancer is found in 4-9 axillary lymph nodes or in lymph nodes near the breast bone or the tumour is bigger than 5 cm with clusters of cells found in lymph nodes or the tumour is greater than 5 cm and 1-3 axillary lymph nodes are involved. In stage IIIB, the tumour can be any size and has spread to the chest wall or skin of the breast and spread up to 9 axillary lymph nodes or spread to lymph nodes near the breast bone. Stage IIIC involves spread to the chest wall and spread to up to 10 or more lymph nodes or lymph nodes near the collarbone or breastbone.
Stage IV: this means spread to distant body areas such as the lungs, bone, liver or brain. This is metastatic disease.
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