Cervical Cancer Medical Negligence Solicitors - Compensation Claim Lawyers


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Cervical cancer is a disease that affects the cervix which opening to the uterus and connects the main portion of the uterus (also known as the womb) to the vagina. This disease occurs when normal cells begin to change and grow out of control, causing masses known as tumours.

Nearly ninety percent of all cases of cervical cancer are squamous cell carcinomas. This is a type of cancer that starts off in the squamous thin, flat cells on the surface of the ectocervix which is the area of the cervix nearest to the vagina. The remaining ten percent of cervical cancer forms are adenocarcinas. This type of cancer starts off in the mucus producing cells of the inner portion of the cervix nearest the uterus known as endocervix. In some cases, cervical cancer can be both forms of carcinomas known as mixed carcinoma.

Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of cervical cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Dysplasia

When some cervical cells first begin to change, they are not always cancerous. These cells may be precancerous however, and are known as dysplasia or squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL). These cells may also be known as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). When the dysplasia is more moderate or severe, it may be known as non-invasive, or carcinoma in situ.

Dysplasia is a fairly common condition that often resolves itself without the need for treatment. That being said, these precancerous cells can transform into cancerous cells. This could happen over the course of several years, or in as short a time as less than a year. These cells continue to grow out of control, penetrating the deeper layers of the cervix, becoming an invasive form of cancer.

Pap Tests

Even though cervical cancer was once the most common cause of cancer related deaths in women, over the course of the last forty years there has been a significant decrease, as much as seventy five percent, in deaths. This is mainly due to Pap tests becoming routine screening during physical exams. When these tests identify early stages of cervical cancer, and prompt treatment is administered, this disease can have nearly a one hundred percent cure rate. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of cervical cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Symptoms

The most commonly occurring symptoms of cervical cancer are bleeding and a foul discharge after sexual activity or between periods. Women who are postmenopausal may also notice bleeding after periods have already ceased. These symptoms are also related to other less serious medical conditions, so unfortunately misdiagnoses are common. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of cervical cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Diagnosis

In order to diagnosis cervical cancer, a simple smear test is done, which if it comes back positive may be followed up with further tests and examinations. Since these tests require a high degree of human interpretation, there is a definite room for error. Some of the most common tests for cervical cancer include using a colposcopy to visually inspect the cervix on a microscopic level; cone biopsy which involves removing a portion of the cervix for inspection; and large loop excision which involves removing a sample of tissue for further inspection. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of cervical cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Cervical Cancer Medical Negligence Solicitors

Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of cervical cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss. If you or someone you know has suffered because of a misdiagnosis of cervical cancer, it is important to understand that you may be entitled to receive compensation for your injuries. A skilled medical negligence solicitor can review your case, handle the entire process, and help you achieve the justice you deserve. All cases are taken on a no win no fee basis, and there is never a request for funding in advance. We operate the no win no fee scheme otherwise known as a conditional fee agreement. No legal charge is payable unless the legal case is won and the client obtains an award of compensation. In the event that the legal claim is lost there is no charge made to the client. We review all cases completely free of charge with no further obligation required.


Cervical Cancer Overview


Cervical cancer begins in the narrow opening to the uterus, the cervix. There is the ectocervix, which is the part always on the outer part of the cervix, consisting of epithelial cells or squamous cells, endocervix, which consists of columnar cells and a transformation zone, which is the source of most of the precancerous cells. Most cervical cancers are squamous cell cancers (up to 90 percent of cases).

More than 1,000 women will be diagnosed per year in the UK with cervical cancer. A third of these women will die. It is the second most common type of cancer in women throughout the world but is also the most preventable because it grows slowly over time. Pap tests can detect early cancer and stop its growth before it goes on to full blown cancer. As pap tests increase, the rate of death from cervical cancer decreases. Most women who have been found to have abnormal cells on a pap test haven’t kept up to date on getting regular pap tests.

Cancer of the cervix usually occurs between the age of 35 and 55 years of age. Screening for cervical cancer should continue until the age of 70 years. Main cause of cervical cancer is human papillomavirus in 99 percent of cases. This is why immunization for human papillomavirus is so important. It is done in teen girls and up to the mid-twenties, where the woman is at highest risk of getting an HPV infection. Not all types of HPV viruses are covered but the main ones are.

It is vitally important that doctors screen regularly for cervical cancer and immunize against HPV so as to prevent serious cervical cancer from happening. Prevention is, in a sense, the treatment of cervical cancer.

Symptoms of more advanced cervical cancer disease include pain during intercourse, abnormal vaginal bleeding, or vaginal discharge. Eventually, pelvic pain begins to occur. Pain on urination and increased frequency of urination are symptoms you’ll find with severe cervical cancer. Because some of these symptoms are vague and related to other symptoms, you’ll need to work the patient up for cervical cancer as well as for other diseases.

The pap test is the best screening tests for cervical cancer. It can also show the presence of HPV infections in the cervix. If the PAP test is definitely abnormal, the doctor can go so far as to get biopsies of the tissues. Cervical dysplasia can be found on pap test or on biopsy. Biopsies are usually done with staining so that the areas of dysplasia show up better. The biopsy is done using a device called a culposcope that magnifies the cervix under a lighted scope. A culposcopic biopsy, a special tweezers is used to take a sampling of the tissue; the tissue is then examined under the microscope. In an endocervical curettage, a spoon shaped instrument called a curette is used to ream out the inside of the cervix; it requires no anaesthesia.

A cone biopsy involves taking a cone-shaped sample of tissue from the cervix to check for deeper cell involvement. It needs to be done under local anaesthesia and a culposcope. There are different kinds of cone biopsies that need varying amounts of anesthesia and tools to do the procedure with. Some need general anaesthesia in the operating room.

Additional tests are then done in order to check for lymph node spread or spread to other parts of the body. This is called “staging of a cancer.” The worse the stage, the greater is the risk of death. Staging may need to use a cystoscopy or proctoscopy. A CT scan of the body or MRI of the body are imaging studies that can look for metastatic cancerous areas. A PET scan is a radioactive study that shows where areas of the body are lighting up or not. These can all check for staging of cervical cancer.


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