Lymphoma Medical Negligence Solicitors - Lymphatic Cancer Compensation


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Lymphoma is a form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. In general, there are two main forms of the disease known as Hodgkin Lymphoma (also previously referred to as Hodgkin’s disease), and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (also previously referred to as non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma). Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of lymphatic cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss. For the most part, both forms of the disease share similar symptoms which can include fever, a loss of appetite, frequent and/or drenching sweating, fatigue, a continual itch all over the body, a cough, and difficulty breathing. One of the earliest symptoms of lymphoma is a swelling of the lymph nodes of the armpit, groin, and neck, which are not painful. It should be noted that these symptoms can also be attributed to other less serious conditions, so a misdiagnosis of the disease in early stages is not entirely uncommon. Doctors need to take many steps to ensure their diagnosis is correct and they are not negligent in their ruling by carefully eliminating the chances of the disease, rather than immediately assuming it is something else.

Lymphatic System

The lymphatic system is a series of tubules and ducts that carry a material known as lymph to different parts of the body. Lymph is a type of fluid that is milky and contains lymphocytes. These lymphocytes combined with granulocytes and monocytes, make up white blood cells, which help the body fight off infection and repair the blood. The lymph nodes are small pea shaped organs that are located within the system of lymph vessels. The main function of lymph nodes is to produce and accumulate lymphocytes. There are groupings of lymph nodes found in the underarm areas, the neck the groin area, the abdomen, and the chest. The tonsils, the thymus (located under the breastbone), and the spleen (located in the upper portion of the abdomen), are all part of this system. Lymphocytes are kept in the tissue of the lymphoid until they join the lymph that flows through the nodes. There are two distinct types of lymphocytes: B cell and T cell. Lymphomas can develop in these types, with B cell lymphoma being the most common in adults and B and T cell lymphomas being nearly equal in children. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of lymphatic cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Immune System

B cells and T cells perform different tasks within the body’s immune system. When a bacterium that causes an infection enters the body, B cells spring into action to make antibodies that attach to the bacteria and mark it for eradication by the other cells in the immune system. T cells help to shield the body from viruses. When a virus enters cells of the body, it produces proteins that are then projected to the surface of the infected cells. T cells can recognise these proteins and then manufacture cytokine to destroy the cells that are infected. Some cytokines are also drawn to other types of cells, which can help eliminate the infected virus cells. T cells may also be able to eliminate so forms of cancer cells as well.

Lymphoma Grades

Even though lymphoma can is classified as one of the two types mentioned above, there are ten or more forms of non-Hodgkin lymphomas that can be categorized or staged by how rapidly they grow and how aggressively they spread. Low grade are considered to be slow growing, while high grade are fast growing.

Symptoms

The earliest stages of the disease are when there is most likely to be a misdiagnosis. Patients who present with these symptoms should be for further testing including blood tests and x-rays. The most effect way to diagnose the problem is to remove a lymph node that is enlarged and examine it microscopically. Biopsies and tissue samples from other areas of the body may also be helpful. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of lymphoma may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Lymphoma Medical Negligence Solicitors

If you would like a specialist solicitor to give you a free, no obligation consultation regarding your case of a misdiagnosis of melanoma, please contact by phone, email, or the form on this website for more information. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of lymph cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.


Lymphoma Lymph Cancer Overview


There are two types of lymph cancer: Hodgkin disease and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Both are cancers that begin in the lymph system. Cells in the lymph nodes mutate their DNA so that the cells grow out of control without dying. A tumour may form in the lymph system and can spread through the lymph system, leading to tumours throughout the body.

The lymph system is made of tiny tubes that branch out to all parts of the body. The lymph system carries lymph, which contains lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that fights off bacteria. There are B cells and T cells that perform different functions.

There are groups of bean shaped organs called lymph nodes that are located everywhere throughout the body. Lymph nodes are found in clusters in the groin, abdomen, pelvis, axilla and neck. The other parts of the lymph system include the spleen, which makes lymphocytes, the thymus, located under the breast bone and the tonsils, located in the throat.

Hodgkin lymphoma is most common in the lymph nodes of the neck and the area behind the breastbone. It can also begin in the axilla, the groin, the abdomen or the pelvis. If it spreads, it spreads to spleen, bone marrow, liver or bone.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma refers to many different types of cancer of the lymph nodes. Like Hodgkin lymphoma, the diseases begin in the groups of tiny, bean shaped organs, known as lymph nodes. They cluster in the same places as in Hodgkin disease. The bone marrow is also affected, which is the spongy tissue within bones that produce platelets, white blood cells and red blood cells.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can start in any collection of lymph glands within the body. It can also start in the liver, spleen, bone marrow, stomach, skin, intestines, brain or thyroid gland. As there are so many different types of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, it is important to know what kind you have because they have different cell types involved and different prognoses.

Some types of lymph cancer are actually cancers that spread from other body areas and aren’t properly lymph cancers. They only spread through the lymph system and settle in the lymph nodes. Pain and swelling of the lymph nodes are some symptoms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma or Hodgkin lymphoma. All other types of cancer in the lymph nodes are considered metastatic.

Some cancers can cause swelling of the lymph nodes. Cancer may start in the lymph nodes or, more commonly, it spreads there from somewhere else. Cancer in the lymph glands is not called “lymph cancer” when it comes from some other body area. It is called by the actual origin of the cancer in the first place.

Lymph nodes are important in staging cancers of any type. It is one of the most important aspects of the TNM system for staging cancers. T stands for the extent of the tumour, N for involvement of lymph nodes and M stands for the presence or absence of metastasis. If no cancer is found in lymph nodes, it is given a rank of N0. Depending on how many lymph areas are involved, the ranking could be N1, N2, or N3.

The treatment for cancer within the lymph nodes depends on many things, such as the size of the tumour, the location of the tumour and whether or not there is metastatic disease in other body areas. Surgery might be used to treat some aspects of metastatic cancer that has spread to lymph nodes. Other treatments for lymph node cancer include stem cell transplantation, chemotherapy and targeted therapies. Stem cell transplantation is among the newest form of therapy and has been found to be very successful for different kinds of lymph cancers.


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