Myocardial Infarction - Medical Negligence Solicitors Compensation Claims


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Acute Myocardial Infarction Information

An acute myocardial infarction is commonly known as a heart attack. It occurs when a part of the heart that has suffered a narrowed area in one of the coronary arteries and also has a tiny blood clot form in the narrowed area, leading to a sudden total occlusion of the artery. This loss of circulation to an area of the heart causes the heart muscle to die.

One of the main symptoms of an acute Acute Myocardial Infarction is chest pain that radiates to the left shoulder, neck or left arm, sweating, nausea and dizziness. Some people also suffer from an acute arrhythmia of the heart, often leading to sudden death.

People prone to getting a heart attack are those who are older, those with an elevated cholesterol, those with high blood pressure, the obese and those with diabetes or a family history of the disease. Patients with angina have warning signs of having heart disease. At some point, the angina will progress, a blood clot will develop and a heart attack will happen.

The treatment of a heart attack has evolved over the recent years. When patients previously received oxygen and medications to control heart failure, many new options have developed. The survival rate of an acute myocardial infarction has greatly increased as long as the proper measures have been taken.

Heart attack patients receive an angiotensin converting enzyme or ACE inhibitors or an angiotensin receptor blocker or ARB. These are used for left ventricular systolic dysfunction or heart failure caused by decreased function of the heart.

Aspirin is used during the acute phase of the management of heart attack because it can keep the blood clot from increasing or from new clots forming. Evidence suggests that taking aspirin, even a baby aspirin, in the months and years following the acute myocardial infarction, can reduce the risk of getting another event.

Beta blockers are given to lower the blood pressure and to manage angina pain. They reduce heart failure, limit the eventual size of the heart damage and diminish the chances of sudden cardiac arrest at the time of the next heart attack.

One of the main treatments of an acute myocardial infarction is the use of fibrinolytic medications or clot busters to be given within thirty minutes of arrival to the emergency room. These medications only work if not too many hours have passed since the heart attack first developed. Clot busters, such as TPA or tissue plasminogen activator have the potential to reverse the heart attack completely by dissolving the clot. No other type of medication out there has this amazing potential to change the course of the acute MI.

Certain patients can have an emergency angioplasty upon arrival to the emergency room. In an emergency angioplasty, an incision is made in the groin and a catheter is passed into the coronary arteries. The narrowed area is opened and the clot dissolved. Sometimes a stent is placed in the narrowed area to prevent the presence of a new clot or worsened blockage in the coronary artery.

Several vessels can be done at the same time. Of course, this has the potential to reverse the effects of the heart attack completely.

After the acute MI has been stabilized, most patients go on statin medications in order to permanently reduce the cholesterol so as to reduce the incidence of further MIs and sudden death in patients who have had an initial MI.

The main factors to consider include the degree to which first responders and emergency medical staff work as quickly as possible to undertake the above gold standard of care in the management of acute MI. Staff who fail to follow the acceptable standard of care outlined above put the patient under undue stress and increase the chances of heart failure and sudden death or arrhythmia at the time of the MI or afterward.

Acute Mycardial Solicitors - no win no fee*

Our acute mycardial solicitors operate using the no win no fee** scheme and you will not have to fund or finance your claim in any respect. In the event that the claim is successful the other side will pay our legal charges and if we are not successful you pay nothing at all. You have nothing to lose in taking up our offer of free advice and there is no further obligation should you decide not to pursue a claim further. We offer a true professional risk free service and you will only ever deal with a qualified, specialist medical negligence solicitor who answers to the Solicitors Regulation Authority. Do yourself justice and call our offices today.


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The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here