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Stomach Cancer Medical Negligence Solicitors - Compensation Claim Lawyers


Stomach cancer, also sometimes referred to as gastric cancer, is a disease that stems from cells in the inner lining of the stomach dividing rapidly, becoming abnormal and the excess cells form a mass known as a tumour. Stomach cancer can occur in one of five distinct regions, which are as follows:

  • Cardia: this area surrounds the cardiac sphincter, which is responsible for controlling the transfer of food to the stomach from the esophagus.
  • Fundus: this area is the upper area of the stomach which neighbors the cardiac area.
  • Antrum: this is the area that starts to narrow and is the lower region of the stomach.
  • Prepyloric: this is the area that is closest to the pylorus.
  • Pylorus: this is the area where the small intestine and the stomach join.

Common Form

Depending on where the cancer develops in any of these five regions, symptoms and prognosis can vary a great deal. The most common form of stomach cancer, making up over ninety percent of all cases, is called adenocarinoma. This cancer begins in the stomach lining�s glandular cells. Treatment for this type of cancer typically involves chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery, however treatment is quite dependent upon the size and location of the tumor, as well as the general health and age of the patient.


Symptoms of stomach cancer include: chronic indigestion, loss of appetite, feeling full quickly, weight loss, difficulty swallowing, frequent belching, bloating, vomiting, dark stools, anemia, blood in stools, nausea, and vomiting. Many of these symptoms can also be attributed to other, less serious medical condition, so a misdiagnosis in the earliest stages is not uncommon. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of stomach cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.


The diagnosis of stomach cancer is done by conducting certain tests and x-rays. An endoscopy is commonly ordered and is a flexible fiber optic tube that is lighted at the end. This provides the physician with an internal picture of the stomach wall, and can collect tissue samples for further laboratory review. Some types of endoscopes may also be able to conduct and ultrasound. Barium meal is a specialized type of x-ray that is done after the patient drinks an opaque radio solution of barium. This then shows the entire digestive tract and stomach in great detail. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of stomach cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Clinical Negligence

Since the best possible hope for a full recovery comes with an early diagnosis, it is critical that doctors adequately assess the patient�s condition. If there is a delay in diagnosis, or a misdiagnosis, the results can be devastating. The more time that goes by, the greater the potential for the disease to spread and the harder it will be to carry out an effective treatment. Late diagnosis or mis-diagnosis of stomach cancer may be due to medical negligence and give rise to a personal injury compensation claim for damage and loss.

Stomach Cancer Medical Negligence Solicitors

If you or someone you know has suffered because of a stomach cancer misdiagnosis you may be entitled to receive monetary compensation for your injuries. A medical negligence solicitor can help assess your case, and determine the best course of action to take. All of our cases are taken on a no win no fee* basis. You simply collect a lump sum once your case settles. This will help to give you peace of mind and allow you to focus on nothing more than your recovery. Please take a moment of your time to phone, email, or complete the contact form found on this website. We are happy to offer free advice, with no further obligation required.

Stomach Cancer Overview

There can be benign tumours of the stomach and malignant tumours. Benign stomach tumours aren�t usually dangerous and can be easily removed. They don�t generally invade other stomach tissue and do not metastasize. On the other hand, malignant tumours invade other tissue, are difficult to get rid of and metastasize to other body areas.

When stomach cancer develops in the stomach, it begins in the inner lining of the lung and then invades more deeply into outer stomach layers. It can go through areas as distant as the liver, spleen, pancreas and intestines.

The cancer spreads by breaking off pieces from the first cancer location. They spread via the blood stream or lymph vessels, which go to many body tissues. The cancer is usually seen first in the lymph nodes near the stomach. From there, they go to body areas usually in the abdomen. This is known as metastatic stomach cancer.

No one knows exactly what caused a particular stomach cancer. There are risk factors for the disease that increase the risk for getting cancer of the stomach. These risk factors include the following:

  • Having a Helicobacter pylori infection. This is a bacterial infection affecting the gut. In the stomach, it causes stomach ulcers and rarely, stomach cancer.
  • Smokers have a greater risk of stomach cancer than non-smokers.
  • Long term stomach inflammation such as is seen in a blood disorder called pernicious anaemia.
  • Those who�ve had a partial gastrectomy�partial removal of the stomach�have a higher risk of having cancer of the stomach.
  • Having a first degree relative who has had stomach cancer.
  • Having a diet of foods that are smoked, pickled or salted increases the risk of stomach cancer.
  • Having a lack of exercise or being obese.

When stomach cancer first begins, it often has no symptoms. When symptoms do appear, they often show up as the following:

  • Pain in the stomach area�the epigastrium
  • Problems swallowing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Unwanted loss of weight
  • Bloating after meals
  • Having blood in the stools
  • Vomiting blood

The finding of these symptoms may or may not mean that you have stomach cancer. It is important to see the doctor for evaluation of what is going on inside the stomach.

The best way to diagnose stomach cancer is to do a complete history and physical, followed by an endoscopic examination. An endoscopy employs a flexible tube with a lighted camera on the end of it. It can detect and take biopsies of areas suggestive of stomach cancer. The biopsies can be taken to the laboratory to be evaluated for possible stomach cancer. The doctor also looks for areas of full lymph nodes. If cancer shows up, the cancer is staged using other medical techniques to see if the cancer has spread through other body areas:

The tools used to check the stage of stomach cancer include:

  • CT scan of the chest and abdomen
  • Chest x-ray to see if the cancer has spread to lungs
  • Endoscopic ultrasound that can check to see if there are positive abdominal lymph nodes
  • Laparoscopy. This can be used to biopsy large numbers of lymph nodes.

The staging may not be completed until the surgeon has removed the nearby lymph nodes plus the cancer itself.

Stage 0: The cancer resides only within the inner layer of the stomach. It is also called carcinoma in situ.

Stage I: The tumour is in the submucosa and affects up to six lymph nodes. The tumor could also have infiltrated down to the subserosa with no glands affected.

Stage II: The submucosa has become infiltrated with 7-15 glands affected. Alternately, the tumour could be in the muscle or subserosa with 1-6 lymph nodes. Alternately, the tumour could have spread to the outer layer of the stomach with no lymph nodes involved.

Stage III: The tumour is in the muscle or subserosa with 7-15 lymph nodes involved. Alternatively, the outer layer is penetrated with 1-15 lymph nodes involved. Alternatively, the tumour has gotten to nearby organs but not to lymph nodes.

Stage IV: Cancerous cells in more than 15 lymph nodes or has spread to nearby organs along with at least 1 lymph node or there is spread to distant organs.

The treatment depends on the stage but entails a combination of surgery, lymph node removal, chemotherapy and radiation.


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The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here